American Journal of Physics
In a delayed-choice quantum eraser, interference fringes are obtained by erasing which-way information after the interfering particle has already been irreversibly detected. Following an introductory review of delayed-choice experiments and quantum erasure, we describe the experimental realization of an optical delayed-choice quantum eraser, suitable for advanced undergraduates, based on polarization-entangled pairs of single photons. In our experiment, the delay of the erasure is implemented using two different setups. The first setup employs an arrangement of mirrors to increase the optical path length of the photons carrying which-way information. In the second setup, we use fiber-optic cables to elongate the path of these photons after their passage through the polarization analyzer but prior to their arrival at the detector. We compare our results to data obtained in the absence of a delay and find excellent agreement. This shows that the timing of the erasure is irrelevant, as also predicted by quantum mechanics. The experiment can serve as a valuable pedagogical tool for conveying the fundamentals of quantum mechanics.
Author Supplied Keywords
Physics--Experiments; Quantum physics; Quantum theory
Citation: Pilot Scholars Version (Modified MLA Style)
Ashby, James M.; Schwarz, Peter D.; and Schlosshauer, Maximilian, "Delayed-choice quantum eraser for the undergraduate laboratory" (2016). Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations. 56.