Journal Title

Journal of Geophysical Research

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Samples for geochronologic, geobarometric, and paleomagnetic analyses were collected across the northern portion of the Ecstall pluton southeast of Prince Rupert, British Columbia. Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicates pressures from 740 ± 10 to 840 ± 30 MPa corresponding to crystallization depths of ∼25 to ∼30 km. U/Pb analyses of zircons from western, central, and eastern localities within the pluton yield crystallization ages of 91.5 ± 1.0 Ma, 90.8 ± 1.0 Ma, and 90.5 ± 1.0 Ma, respectively. Rock magnetic experiments, reflected light microscopy, and thermal demagnetization behavior suggest that natural remanent magnetism is carried by low-Ti titanohematite. Unblocking temperatures of the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) are dominantly in the 560°C to 630°C range, with age of magnetization approximated by the 40Ar/39Ar hornblende ages of 84.2 ± 0.10 Ma on the western margin and 76.4 ± 0.6 Ma in the center of the pluton. Site-mean ChRM directions were isolated for paleomagnetic samples from 23 sites and are distributed along a small circle with subhorizontal axis at ∼340° azimuth. ChRM directions from the central portion of the pluton are concordant with the expected Cretaceous magnetic field direction, while ChRM directions from the western margin are discordant by >70°. Folding of the Ecstall pluton, either during Late Cretaceous west directed thrust transport above the convex upward Prince Rupert Shear Zone or during younger deformation of the pluton and underlying shear zone, can account for the paleomagnetic data and is consistent with the geochronologic, geobarometric, and structural geologic observations.


Paleomagnetism; Geological time

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Copyright 2005 American Geophysical Union. The original published version of this article may be found at



Document Type

Journal Article