Journal Title

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance

Publication Date



The science of altering the room temperature properties of metals by first exposing them to extreme temperatures has been extensively studied and is very well understood. Although much of this work has involved studying the effects of high temperature thermal treatments, significant work has also been performed investigating the effects on properties by treating metals at cryogenic temperatures (near -196 °C). Cryogenic treatments were first shown in the 1930s and 1940s to improve the performance of steel cutting tools.[1] Over the decades, significant work has been conducted to measure and explain the effects of cryogenic treatment on steel.[2,3] Some research has also been conducted on nonferrous alloys. The effects of cryogenic treatment on the wear performance of copper alloy contact tubes for gas metal arc welding was investigated,[4] but no changes were observed.

Author Supplied Keywords

Cryogenic treatments


Cryogenic engineering; Low temperature engineering

Publication Information

Copyright 2002 ASM International. This paper was published in Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol. 11, Issue 5, pp. 479-480 and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of ASM International. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplications of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of this paper are prohibited. View original published version at 10.1361/105994902770343683.





Document Type

Journal Article

Included in

Engineering Commons