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Factors that lead into expectancies in certain communication situations will vary in great contrast according to the situation. This study tested whether thinking of a fundraiser as culturally similar to or different from oneself made a difference in several outcomes. Participants were asked to read one of two scenarios and fill out the corresponding questions. This study found that a combination of factors play a role in expected behaviors of others. It is a combination of age, race, ethnicity, gender, and social setting that influence perceptions of what should happen in a given situation. One factor may indeed have a greater role in perceptions of the behavior of others, but all of these factors have influence on expected behaviors. As was seen in this study, sometimes the social setting can trump all other factors in terms of the importance in gauging expectations.

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