College and Career Readiness Assessment: Validation of the Key Cognitive Strategies Framework

Journal Title

Cell Transplantation: The Regenerative Medicine Journal

Publication Date



In this study, the authors examined the psychometric properties of the key cognitive strategies (KCS) within the CollegeCareerReady™ School Diagnostic, a self-report measure of critical thinking skills intended for high school students. Using a cross-validation approach, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted with a randomly selected portion of the sample (n = 516) and resulted in five reliable factors: (a) problem formulation, (b) research, (c) interpretation, (d) communication, and (e) precision/accuracy. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with the remaining sample (n = 808). Goodness-of-fit indices indicated acceptable model fit. The five-factor solution is consistent with earlier validity studies of the KCS framework. Implications for use by high school personnel in evaluation of instructional programs and as a value-added assessment are discussed.

Author Supplied Keywords

Cognition, Critical thinking, College readiness, Factor analysis, Validity


Cognitive psychology; Readiness for school--United States

Publication Information

Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2012, Volume 38, Issue 3, 163–171.

© 2012 Hammill Institute on Disabilities

Linked version is the final published version.





Document Type

Journal Article

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