Physical Review A
We investigate the disturbance of the state of a quantum system in a protective measurement for finite measurement times and different choices of the time-dependent system-apparatus coupling function. The ability to minimize this state disturbance is essential to protective measurement. We show that for a coupling strength that remains constant during the measurement interaction of duration T, the state disturbance scales as T−2, while a simple smoothing of the coupling function significantly improves the scaling behavior to T−6. We also prove that the shift of the apparatus pointer in the course of a protective measurement is independent of the particular time dependence of the coupling function, suggesting that the guiding principle for choosing the coupling function should be the minimization of the state disturbance. Our results illuminate the dynamics of protective measurement under realistic circumstances and may aid in the experimental realization of such measurements.
Quantum Physics; Quantum theory
Citation: Pilot Scholars Version (Modified MLA Style)
Schlosshauer, Maximilian, "State disturbance and pointer shift in protective quantum measurements" (2014). Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 54.