Excercise and Cognition in Young Adults

Samantha Rezab, University of Portland

Copyright for this work is retained by the author.

Abstract

Exercise had been proven to have a positive effect on physical, mental and cognitive functioning in varying populations.This study looks in to the effect of exercise on episodic memory, perceptual speed and executive function in young adults.Three cognitive tasks and academic performance were correlated with exercise in high school and in college.Results showed a positive correlation between exercise and perceptual speed and a negative correlation between exercise and episodic memory.These results were inconsistent with previous findings, however it is suggested that there is a neurobiological cause underlying the results.Additionally, the assumption that young adults are at the peak of their cognitive ability means that exercise will not cause cognitive abilities to be higher or lower compared to other young adults with more or less exercise.