Expansions of benzene at 1–10 mol % in neon or helium with various nozzle types have produced clusters of benzene molecules. Preliminary comparisons with intensities from the bulk liquid and with model calculations based on solid state crystal structures suggest that on the average the clusters are probably considerably larger than a 13 molecule unit, and have a vibrational temperature on the order of 100–150 K. Unlike clusters of spherical or quasispherical molecules previously found to pack in nearly crystalline arrays, benzene molecules appear to be unable to organize into regular arrays in the time of our experiments. Local order in clusters is similar but not identical to that in the solid, resembling that expected for a supercooled liquid. The present approach, exploiting several advantages of electron diffraction over alternative methods, shows promise as a new means of studying liquids or glasses.
Citation: Pilot Scholars Version (Modified MLA Style)
Heenan, Richard K.; Valente, Edward J.; and Bartell, Lawrence S., "Electron diffraction studies of supersonic jets. II: Formation of benzene clusters" (1983). Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 6.